The unusually pointed statement issued by the Vatican on Thursday (July 28) follows Israeli criticism that the pope ignored Israel when mentioning terrorist attacks in London, Egypt, Iraq and Turkey last Sunday (July 24).
Israel summoned the Holy See's ambassador to Israel to lodge a formal complaint, but the Vatican statement called the complaints "groundless." The church appeared particularly angry at suggestions that the late Pope John Paul II had been silent on the issue.
"Not every attack against Israel could be followed by an immediate public condemnation," the church said.
"There are several reasons for this, among them the fact that attacks against Israel were sometimes followed by immediate Israeli reactions not always compatible with the norms of international law. It would, consequently, have been impossible to condemn the former and remain silent on the latter."
The public war of words between the Vatican and Jerusalem has threatened to sour the new pope's overtures to Jews, as well as John Paul's long legacy of unprecedented good relations with Jews.
John Paul established formal diplomatic relations with Israel in 1994. The statement also warned Israel against trying to influence the Holy See's international diplomacy.
"Just as the Israeli government understandably does not allow its pronouncements to be dictated by others, neither can the Holy See accept lessons and directives from any other authority concerning the orientation and contents of its own declarations," it said.