(Infection; Salmonella Enterica; Food Poisoning)
DefinitionSalmonellosis is an infection with bacteria called salmonella. Salmonella can grow in a variety of places such as water, raw meat, seafood, certain pets, and eggs.
CausesSalmonellosis is caused by ingestion of a strain of bacteria called salmonella. After the bacteria are ingested, within 6-48 hours they will pass through the stomach to the intestine where inflammation occurs and spreads.
|Stomach and Intestines|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Risk FactorsFactors that increase your risk of getting salmonellosis include:
- Eating raw or undercooked meat, poultry, eggs, fish, or seafood
- Eating unpasteurized dairy products
- Eating other contaminated foods
- Drinking contaminated water
- Handling reptiles, especially turtles
- Taking antibiotics
- Having a compromised immune system, such as in:
- People with HIV/AIDS
- People with low stomach acidity, such as those who take medication that reduces stomach acid
SymptomsIf you have any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to salmonellosis. These symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions.
- Abdominal cramps
DiagnosisYour doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may test your stool or blood to confirm presence of the bacteria
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