Onychomycosis

(Tinea Unguium; Fungal Nail Infection)

Definition

Onychomycosis is an infection of the nail. The infection occurs more often on toenails than fingernails.
Fungal Infection of the Toenails
si55551611 96472 1
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

Onychomycosis is caused by a fungus. The fungi that cause onychomycosis survive in warm, moist environments. It is spread through direct contact with the fungus.

Risk Factors

Anyone can get fungal nail infections. Factors that increase your chance of onychomycosis include:
  • Wearing shoes that trap in moisture and warmth, such as workboots
  • Increased age
  • Having athlete's foot
  • Having an injury to the nail
  • Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • Circulatory disorders, such as peripheral vascular disease (PAD)
  • Immune system disorders, such as HIV

Symptoms

Onychomycosis can affect one or more nails. It most commonly occurs on toenails.Onychomycosis may cause:
  • Thickened nail that is difficult to cut
  • Brittle or ragged nail
  • Discolored or unsightly nail
  • Pain in the nail when doing ordinary activities

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may need to be referred to a doctor who specializes in skin and nail disorders (a dermatologist). The doctor may scrape or clip the nail to send a sample for testing. Results make take several weeks.Tests on the nail sample may include:
  • Culture
  • Examination under a microscope

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals



July 2015

A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.

dot separator
previous editions


June 2015


May 2015

Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
April 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook