Birthmarks

Definition

Birthmarks are colored spots on the skin that babies are born with or develop shortly after birth. These marks can be bright red, pink, brown, tan, or bluish. Birthmarks can be flat on the surface of the skin or raised. The most common types of birthmarks include:
  • Café-au-lait spots—light tan colored spots on the body
  • Hemangiomas—flat or slightly raised birthmarks that are bright red or bluish in color; often found on the face, head, and neck
  • Macular stain—pinkish or light red birthmarks that are sometimes referred to as "angel's kisses" or "stork bites"; common on the back of the head and neck
  • Moles—dark brown or black spots
  • Mongolian spots—flat birthmarks on the surface of the skin that have a blue-gray color; often located on the buttocks or the base of the spine
  • Port-wine stains—pink, red, or purple colored blotches on the skin; often found on the face, neck, arms, or legs
  • Congenital nevus—a dark, textured mole that may be covered in hair; often found on the abdomen and thighs
Mole
si55550315 96472 1
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

The exact cause of birthmarks is unknown.

Risk Factors

Birthmarks are more common in females and in premature babies. They are often more common among people of Asian, African, Native American, and Hispanic descent.

Symptoms

Birthmarks may cause:
  • Changes in the color of the skin—lighter or darker than usual
  • Lumps or swelling on the skin
  • Changes in texture of the skin
  • New lesions on the skin
Birthmarks:
  • May differ in size and appearance
  • Are most likely present at birth or appear in the first few weeks or months of life
  • Are commonly found on the face and neck
Most of these birthmarks are harmless. However, hemangiomas and port-wine stains may produce some complications.On rare occasions, moles can become cancerous. Any suspicious, colored lesion should be examined by a physician and closely observed or removed.

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals



June 2015

A meta-analysis found that mothers participating in a prenatal exercise group were less likely to have a large newborn, less likely to need a cesarean section, and no more likely to have a low birthweight baby than those who did not exercise. The study supports proper prenatal care advice which advocates for mothers to exercise during pregnancy if allowed by the physician.

dot separator
previous editions


May 2015

Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery
April 2015

Early Peanut Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Peanut Allergy in High Risk Children
March 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook