Office Health Hazards


National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety

Health Canada


Andersen JH, Thomsen JF, Overgaard E, et al. Computer use and carpal tunnel syndrome: A 1-year follow-up study. JAMA. 2003;289(22):2963-2969.

Computer-related injuries. Better Health Channel. Available at: Updated May 2015. Accessed July 24, 2015.

Izquierdo JC, Garcia M, Buxo C, Izquierdo NJ. Factors leading to the computer vision syndrome: An issue at the contemporary workplace. Bol Asoc Med P R. 2007;99(1):21-28.

Kontosic I, Vukelic M, Drescik I, et al. Work conditions as risk factors for varicose veins of the lower extremities in certain professions of the working population of Rijeka. Acta Med Okayama. 2000 Feb;54(1):33-38.

Lassen CF, Mikkelsen S, Kryger AI, Andersen JH. Risk factors for persistent elbow, forearm, and hand pain among computer workers. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2005;31(2):122-131.

NINDS Carpal tunnel syndrome information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: Updated April 17, 2015. Accessed July 24, 2015.

NINDS repetitive motion disorders information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: Updated July 11, 2013. Accessed July 24, 2015.

Palmer KT, Cooper C, Walker-Bone K, Syddall H, Coggon D. Use of keyboards and symptoms in the neck and arm: Evidence from a national survey. Occup Med (Lond). 2001;51(6):392-395.

Rosenfield M. Computer vision syndrome: A review of ocular causes and potential treatments. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2011;31(5):502-515..

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