Anal Wart Surgery
(Surgery, Anal Wart; Condyloma Acuminata Surgery; Surgery, Condyloma Acuminata )
DefinitionAnal warts are found around and inside the anus. They are caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Anal wart surgery is a procedure to remove or destroy anal warts.
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Reasons for ProcedureThe surgery is done to remove or destroy anal warts if other treatments, like applying medications, are unsuccessful or not advised. Surgery may also be ideal if there are many warts or if the warts are large. If warts are not removed, they can become bigger and multiply. Warts may also lead to an increased risk of cancer in the affected area.
Possible ComplicationsComplications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have anal wart surgery, your doctor will review a list of possible complications which may include:
What to Expect
Prior to ProcedureYour doctor may recommend that you clean out your bowels before surgery. To do this:
- Eat a light lunch and a clear, liquid dinner the day before surgery.
- Do not eat or drink after midnight before your surgery.
- Take any medications your doctor suggests at the appropriate time.
- Arrange for a ride home from the hospital.
- Arrange for someone to help you around the house after surgery.
AnesthesiaAnesthesia will block any pain. Depending on the location and number of warts, you may either have:
- Local anesthesia—numbs the area where the surgery is being done
- Spinal anesthesia —numbing medication is injected into your back and makes the lower half of your body numb
- General anesthesia —keeps you asleep and pain-free for the procedure
Description of the ProcedureThere are different types of surgeries used to remove or destroy anal warts. The type of surgery you will have will depend on different factors, like the number and size of warts. Below is a list of possible procedures:
- Cryotherapy —The wart is destroyed by freezing it with liquid nitrogen.
- Scissor or shave excision —The wart is either cut or shaved off.
- Laser or electrosurgery—A tool uses either a laser or electricity to destroy the warts.
How Long Will It Take?This depends on the type of procedure that will be used. It may take several minutes for most procedures.
How Much Will It Hurt?Anesthesia will block any pain during the procedure. After the procedure, you may feel some pain in and around the anus. Your doctor will give you pain medication to make you more comfortable.
Average Hospital StayThis procedure is commonly done in an outpatient setting, so you will not need to stay in the hospital. You will be able to go home the day of the surgery.
Post-procedure CareAt the Care CenterFollowing the procedure, the staff may provide you with pain medication to make you more comfortable.At HomeWhen you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
- Eat foods that are high in fiber and drink plenty of fluids. This will prevent straining and constipation .
- Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.