Anomalous Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery—Child
DefinitionAnomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare heart defect.Normally, the left coronary artery carries oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. The oxygenated blood comes from the aorta.With ALCAPA, the left coronary artery is not connected to the aorta. Instead, it is connected to the pulmonary artery. This means that the blood does not have enough oxygen in it from the lungs. With this defect, the heart muscles receive blood that is low in oxygen. The blood also leaks back into the pulmonary artery because of the low pressure in this artery.
|The Coronary Arteries|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesALCAPA is a congenital defect. This means that the baby is born with it. It is not known why the left coronary artery develops abnormally.
Risk FactorsRisk factors for ALCAPA are not known.
SymptomsSymptoms may include:
- Rapid breathing
- Poor feeding
- Slow growth
- Swelling around the eyes and/or feet
DiagnosisYou will be asked about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.Images may be taken of your child's bodily structures. This can be done with:
More from Beliefnet
Many medical groups felt that early exposure to certain foods like peanuts increased a child's risk of developing food allergies. However, newer research including this trial suggest that early exposure may actually decrease the risk of developing food allergies.
Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children
Research Review Finds Little Support for Nearly Half of Medical Talk Show Recommendations