Neurogenic Bladder—Child

(Bladder, Neurogenic—Child; Neurogenic Incontinence—Child; Incontinence, Neurogenic—Child)


Neurogenic bladder is a problem with how the bladder works because of a nerve problem. Problems may include:
  • Bladder empties too often
  • Incontinence—bladder empties at the wrong time.
  • Urinary retention—unable to completely empty the urine
  • Urine leaks out of the overfilled bladder
Bladder With Nerves, Female
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Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


Neurogenic bladder is caused by damage or injury to the nerves carrying messages between the bladder and the brain. The nerve damage makes it difficult to coordinate when the bladder should empty.

Risk Factors

Factors that increase your child's chance of neurogenic bladder include:
  • Birth defect that affects the spinal cord, such as spina bifida
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Tumors of the brain or spinal cord in the pelvic area
  • Infection of the brain or spinal cord


Symptoms may include:
  • Small amount of urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Dribbling urine
  • Inability to feel that the bladder is full
  • Straining during urination
  • Inability to urinate
  • Overflow of urine from a full bladder
  • Painful urination
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Kidney injury from urine backing up into the bladder
  • Kidney stones
These symptoms may be caused by other conditions. If your child has any of these symptoms, talk to their doctor.

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