DefinitionHodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the lymph system. The lymph system is a series of tubes and nodes that run through the body. It contains a fluid that helps fight infections and moves waste out of the body.The cancer starts in a type of lymph cell called a lymphocyte. These cells spread throughout the lymph system. Eventually, the cells will make it harder for your body to fight infections. It is considered a treatable form of cancer.
|The Lymphatic System|
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CausesThe exact cause is not known. A combination of genetic and environmental factors may play a role.
Risk FactorsHodgkin is more likely to occur in males and people between the ages of 15-40 years, or over 55 years. Other factors that may increase your chance of Hodgkin lymphoma include:
- Family history of Hodgkin lymphoma
- History of Epstein-Barr virus the virus that causes mononucleosis
- Weakened immune system such as HIV/AIDS
- Exposure to certain chemicals, such as formaldehyde
SymptomsHodgkin lymphoma may cause:
- Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, groin, or chest
- Night sweating
- Unexplained fever
- Weight loss
- Decreased appetite
DiagnosisYou will be asked about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your child's lymph nodes will be examined. Your child's body fluilds and tissues may be tested. This can be done with:
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