Hodgkin Lymphoma—Child

(Hodgkin Disease—Child)

Definition

Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of the lymph system. The lymph system is a series of tubes and nodes that run through the body. It contains a fluid that helps fight infections and moves waste out of the body.The cancer starts in a type of lymph cell called a lymphocyte. These cells spread throughout the lymph system. Eventually, the cells will make it harder for your body to fight infections. It is considered a treatable form of cancer.
The Lymphatic System
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Causes

The exact cause is not known. A combination of genetic and environmental factors may play a role.

Risk Factors

Hodgkin is more likely to occur in males and people between the ages of 15-40 years, or over 55 years. Other factors that may increase your chance of Hodgkin lymphoma include:
  • Family history of Hodgkin lymphoma
  • History of Epstein-Barr virus the virus that causes mononucleosis
  • Weakened immune system such as HIV/AIDS
  • Exposure to certain chemicals, such as formaldehyde

Symptoms

Hodgkin lymphoma may cause:
  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, groin, or chest
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweating
  • Coughing
  • Unexplained fever
  • Weight loss
  • Itching
  • Decreased appetite
These symptoms can be caused by other less serious conditions. Tell the doctor if your child has any of these symptoms.

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your child's lymph nodes will be examined. Your child's body fluilds and tissues may be tested. This can be done with: Images may be taken of your child's body structures. This can be done with:

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