Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes



Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is when the amniotic sac breaks before 37 weeks of gestation and labor has not started within one hour. The sac contains amniotic fluid and the developing baby. In PPROM, the amniotic fluid inside the sac leaks or gushes out of the vagina. This is also known as your water breaking.
Fetus with Amniotic Sac
BL00030 96472 1
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
PPROM increases the risks of certain pregnancy complications, including: Call your doctor right away if you suspect that your water has broken.


PPROM is caused by weakening and/or thinning of the opening of the membrane.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of PPROM:
  • PPROM in earlier pregnancies
  • Infection in the amniotic sac
  • Other infections in mother (chlamydia, bacterial vaginosis)
  • Preterm labor
  • Amniocentesis
  • Bleeding during the second and third trimester
  • Certain procedures used to treat abnormal conditions of the cervix (such as cervical conization)
  • Lung disease during pregnancy
  • Connective tissue disease
  • Nutritional deficits
  • Low body mass index
  • Low socio-economic status
  • Smoking during pregnancy

leave comments
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals

Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
August 2015

A randomized trial found that drinking water before main meals led to higher weight loss than those who were asked to imagine a full stomach before main meals. Water preloading is believed to help create a feeling of fullness or satiety during the meal, which may help curb overeating.

dot separator
previous editions

Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
June 2015

Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
May 2015

dashed separator


Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »