Upper GI Endoscopy

(Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy; Esophagogastroduodenoscopy [EGD])

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Definition

This is a test that uses a fiberoptic scope to examine the esophagus, throat, stomach, and upper part of the small intestines.
Upper GI Endoscopy
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Reasons for Test

Upper GI endoscopy may be recommended if you have:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Severe heartburn
  • Persistent nausea and vomiting
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Blood in stool or vomit
  • Abnormal x-ray or other examinations of the gastrointestinal tract
Conditions that can be diagnosed with upper GI endoscopy include:
  • Ulcers
  • Tumors
  • Polyps
  • Abnormal narrowing
  • Inflammation

Possible Complications

Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
  • Bleeding
  • Damage to the esophagus, stomach, or intestine
  • Infection
  • Reduced breathing rate and/or depth
  • Reaction to sedatives or anesthesia
Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
  • Increasing age, especially age 60 and older
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Smoking, alcoholism, or drug use
  • Malnutrition
  • Recent illness
  • Diabetes
  • Heart or lung problems
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Use of certain medications

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