Asthma—Child

Animation Movie AvailableRelated Media: Asthma Management: Emotional and Stress Triggers

Definition

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the function and lining of the airways or tubes of the lungs. It narrows the airways and makes it difficult to breathe.There are different degrees of asthma. Some children may have mild asthma with rare flare-ups. Others may have a severe, constant asthma.
Inflamed Bronchial Tube
Inflammed Lung and asthma
© Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

Tightening of the muscles around the airway and chronic inflammation cause airways to narrow. This makes it hard to breathe.The exact causes of asthma are unknown, but genetics play a role.Certain conditions are known to trigger an asthma attack. These include:
  • Respiratory infection—more common in younger children
  • Exercise, especially in cold air—more common in teenagers
  • Substances that cause allergies include:
    • Pollen
    • Dust
    • Animal dander
    • Mold
    • Food, rarely
  • Sinus infections
  • Tobacco smoke or other chemical irritants
  • Sudden change in weather

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your child’s chance of asthma include:
  • Family history
  • History of allergies and/or eczema
  • Exposure to tobacco smoke
  • Respiratory infections before age one and common colds before six months of age
  • Premature birth
  • Chlorinated pool use in children who are already at risk for asthma
  • Taking medications such as acetaminophen

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals


Early Peanut Consumption Associated with Lower Risk of Peanut Allergy in High Risk Children
March 2015

Many medical groups felt that early exposure to certain foods like peanuts increased a child's risk of developing food allergies. However, newer research including this trial suggest that early exposure may actually decrease the risk of developing food allergies.

dot separator
previous editions

Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity
February 2015

Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children
February 2015

Research Review Finds Little Support for Nearly Half of Medical Talk Show Recommendations
January 2015

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook