Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
DefinitionSevere Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory infection that was first identified in a 2003 outbreak.
|The Respiratory System|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
CausesSARS is caused by a specific group of viruses. The viruses are spread from droplets in the air. The droplets come from spray when a sick person sneezes or coughs. Viruses can also be picked up from objects that an ill person has touched.
Risk FactorsFactors that may increase your chance of developing SARS include:
- Gene variation in the immune system—This gene variation may be more common in people in Southeast Asia. The variation makes people more susceptible to developing SARS.
- Recent travel to locations in Asia where SARS outbreaks have been reported.
- Close contact with someone who has SARS.
- Healthcare workers who care for patients with SARS.
SymptomsSARS requires care from your doctor. If you suspect you have this condition, contact your doctor right away.SARS may cause:
- Dry cough
- Shortness of breath
- Body aches and pains
- Nasal congestion
- Sore throat
- Malaise (a general feeling of discomfort)
- Muscular stiffness
- Loss of appetite
DiagnosisYou will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.Your body fluids and waste products may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Blood culture
- Sputum culture
- Stool tests
More from Beliefnet
A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.
Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery