Acute epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis. This is a structure that surrounds and attaches to each testicle. It is shaped like a tube. The epididymis helps transport and store sperm cells.Chronic epididymitis causes discomfort or pain in the epididymis. It can last for 3 months or longer. This type is less common.
The Epididymis
si2188 testicle
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


This condition is most often caused by a bacterial infection. For example:Other causes include:
  • Injury
  • Viral infections, such as mumps
  • Genital abnormalities
  • Treatment with amiodarone, a heart rhythm drug
  • Chemotherapy to treat bladder cancer
  • Vasectomy

Risk Factors

Only men can develop this condition. It affects men age 15-30 with sexually transmitted bacteria begin a common cause. It also affects men over 60 with urinary tract infections being a common cause. Other factors that increase the risk of epididymitis include:
  • Infection of the genitourinary tract—urethra, bladder, kidney, prostate, or testicle
  • Narrowing of the urethra
  • Use of a urethral catheter
  • Infrequent emptying of the bladder
  • Recent surgery or instrumentation of the genitourinary tract—especially prostate removal
  • Birth defects of the genitourinary tract
  • Unprotected sex
  • Disease that affects the immune system
Children and newborns can get epididymitis.

leave comments
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals

Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
August 2015

A randomized trial found that drinking water before main meals led to higher weight loss than those who were asked to imagine a full stomach before main meals. Water preloading is believed to help create a feeling of fullness or satiety during the meal, which may help curb overeating.

dot separator
previous editions

Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
June 2015

Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
May 2015

dashed separator


Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »