Niacin

Image for niacin Niacin, also known as vitamin B3, is a water-soluble vitamin. Water-soluble vitamins are stored in the body in very limited amounts and are excreted through the urine. Therefore, it is a good idea to have them in your daily diet. In addition to getting niacin from dietary sources, the body can synthesize a form of niacin from the amino acid tryptophan.

Functions

Niacin’s functions include:
  • Aiding in the catabolism (breakdown) of carbohydrate, fat, protein, and alcohol to produce energy
  • Supplying energy to all body cells
  • Assisting in fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis
  • Helping the formation of red blood cells
  • Assisting in the metabolism of several drugs and toxins
  • Maintaining the integrity of all body cells

Recommended Intake:

Age Group (in years) Recommended Dietary Allowance
Males Females
1-3 6 mg 6 mg
4-8 8 mg 8 mg
9-13 12 mg 12 mg
14 and older 16 mg 14 mg
Pregnancy n/a 18 mg
Lactating n/a 17 mg

Niacin Deficiency

A niacin deficiency is called pellagra. The most common symptoms affect the skin, the digestive system, and the nervous system. Symptoms of niacin deficiency include:
  • Thick, dark, scaly pigmented rash on skin areas exposed to sunlight, heat, or mild trauma
  • Bright red tongue
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Memory loss
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Disorientation
If left untreated, pellagra can lead to death.

leave comments
0
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics: Health And Healing
Meet Our Health Experts

Our Lady of Weight Loss

Janice Taylor
New! To Sum You Up 420 70 beautiful 75 naughty 80 sweet 95 sweet 100 lovely

Mindfulness Matters

Arnie Kozak
New! The Colors and Seasons of Introversion and Extroversion
beginners heart

Beginner's Heart

Britton Gildersleeve
New! poetry as mentor


Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook