What Is Tyramine?Tyramine is found in many foods, including wines, ripe cheeses, and fermented or aged foods.
Why Should I Follow a Low-Tyramine Diet?A low-tyramine diet is recommended if you are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), a type of drug found in certain antidepressants, Parkinson’s medications, and antibiotics. Eating foods with high amounts of tyramine while taking MAOIs can cause a drug-nutrient interaction that produces side effects such as elevated blood pressure, headaches, heart palpitations, and chest pain.
Eating Guide for a Low-Tyramine Diet
|Food Category||Foods Recommended||Foods to Avoid|
|Grains|| || |
|Vegetables|| || |
|Fruits|| || |
|Milk|| || |
|Meat and Beans|| || |
|Oils|| || |
|Beverages|| || |
|Other|| || |
- Limit caffeine intake. While there is no tyramine in caffeine, consuming too much caffeine can result in high blood pressure.
- Fresh food is less likely to contain high levels of tyramine.
- Promptly refrigerate or freeze foods.
- Use or toss leftovers within 48 hours.
- Eat allowed fresh meats within 3 days.
- Eat allowed cheese within 3-4 weeks.
- Do not eat combination foods that contain foods on the “avoid” list.
- Continue this diet for four weeks after stopping your MAOI’s (or as directed by your physician).
Eat Right—Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Weight-Control Information Network
Dietitians of Canada
California diet manual. State of California website. Available at: http://www.dds.ca.gov/Publications/docs/DDSDietManual.pdf. Accessed January 4, 2010.
MAOI diet facts. University of Pittsburgh Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.upmc.com/patients-visitors/education/nutrition/Pages/maoi-diet-facts.aspx. Accessed June 24, 2007.
- Reviewer: Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
- Review Date: 03/2015
- Update Date: 05/08/2014