Reducing Your Risk of Osteoarthritis
- Maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on your body's joints.
- If possible, avoid activities that require intense, repetitive motion on joints that are susceptible to OA, such as the knee.
- Get regular exercise to strengthen muscles. Strong muscles absorb shock and protect the joint from excess stress. Weak muscles, cause excess stress and wearing on the joint.
ACR issues recommendations on therapies for osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Am Fam Physician. 2013;87(7):515-516.
Degenerative joint disease of the hip. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 17, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014.
Degenerative joint disease of the knee. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 25, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014.
Osteoarthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseaseswebsite. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Osteoarthritis/default.asp. Updated August 2013. Accessed December 1, 2014.
Sinusas, K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2012;85(1):49-56.
2/15/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: McAlindon T, Lavalley M, et al. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on progression of knee pain and cartilage volume in patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis: A randomized control trial. JAMA. 2013;309(2):155-162.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014
- Update Date: 12/01/2014
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