( Phlebitis; Thrombophlebitis)
DefinitionSuperficial thrombophlebitis is inflammation of a vein close to the surface of the skin. It occurs most often in the leg. The condition is easily treatable, though it sometimes leads to more serious health concerns.
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CausesSuperficial thrombophlebitis is caused by a blood clot in a vein that is close to the surface of the skin.
Risk FactorsFactors that increase your chance of developing superficial thrombophlebitis include:
- Trauma especially to the lower leg
- Blood clotting disorder
- Sitting for long periods of time, such as riding in a car or on an airplane
- Prolonged bed rest
- Prior episodes of phlebitis
- Certain cancers
- Paralysis, which may be caused by a stroke
- Family history of blood clotting disorders
SymptomsSuperficial thrombophlebitis may cause:
- A visible, cord-like vein that is tender and sensitive to pressure; this visibility may develop over several hours to days
- Redness and warmth surrounding the vein
- Swelling around the vein
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