Screening for Low Back Pain and Sciatica

The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.There are no screening tests or screening guidelines for low back pain and sciatica.Often, patients with pain may feel an urgent need to have imaging studies. Imaging studies are not routinely required for back pain and sciatica. Most episodes of acute back pain resolve on their own over several weeks. In these cases, the information from an x-ray or MRI scan may not change the medical plan, so these tests may be unnecessary. An MRI scan or x-ray is usually ordered if there is a plan to do a procedure or surgery based on the result of the images. Studies of medical imaging have demonstrated that MRI scan and x-ray may be too sensitive. They can often show abnormalities that are not truly significant, such as degenerated disks in individuals who do not even have symptoms. An improper medical test can lead to improper treatment and can greatly increase medical costs. It is important for such tests to be ordered appropriately.

References

Acute low back pain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 19, 2012. Accessed October 10, 2012.

Boden SD, Davis D, et al. Abnormal magnetic-resonance scans of the lumbar spine in asymptomatic subjects. A prospective investigation. J. Bone and Joint Surg. 72-A:403-408, March 1990.

Advertisement

Boden SD. The use of radiographic imaging studies in the evaluation of patients who have degenerative disorders of the lumbar spine. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery- American Volume. 78(1):114-24, 1996 Jan.

Bogduk N. Degenerative joint disease of the spine. Radiol Clin North Am. 2012;15(4):613-28.

Chou R, Fu R, et al. Imaging strategies for low-back pain: systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2009;373:463-472.

Chronic low back pain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 19, 2012. Accessed October 10, 2012.

Jensen MC, Brant-Zawadzki MN, et al Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine in people without back pain. N Engl J Med. 1994;331:69-73.

Pain. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokewebsite. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/chronic%5Fpain/detail%5Fchronic%5Fpain.htm#Spine. Updated September 19, 2012. Accessed October 10, 2012.

Russo RB. Diagnosis of low back pain: role of imaging studies. Clinics in Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 5(3):571-89, vi, 2006.

Sciatica. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 26, 2012. Accessed October 10, 2012.

Zhou Y, Abdi S. Diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment of lumbar discogenic pain--a review of the literature. Clinical Journal of Pain. 22(5):468-81, 2006 Jun.

Revision Information

Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Current Research From Top Journals


Exercise During Pregnancy May Decrease the Risk of Cesarean Birth
December 2014

Exercise during pregnancy has been associated with many benefits for mom and baby. This review supports the trend and finds that even one day of purposeful activity per week may reduce the need for cesarean birth.

dot separator
previous editions

Maternal Caffeine Intake May Be Associated with Low Birth Weight
November 2014

Prevent Eczema in Kids with a Daily Dose of Moisturizer
November 2014

Broccoli Sprout Compound Associated with Reduction in Autism Symptoms
October 2014

dashed separator

Advertisement

Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »

 

Advertisement

Advertisement

DiggDeliciousNewsvineRedditStumbleTechnoratiFacebook