Meningococcal Vaccine

(MCV4; MPSV4; Serogroup B Meningococcal Vaccines)

What Is Meningococcal Disease?

Meningococcal disease is caused by an infection that affects the meninges. The meninges is the protective membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial infection of the meninges, called bacterial meningitis , can cause death within hours. This bacteria can also cause infections in the blood. The disease is most common in:
  • Infants aged less than 1 year old
  • People aged 16-21 years old
  • People with certain medical conditions
  • Community settings where large groups of people gather, such as college dorms or military bases
About 1,200 people in the US develop the disease each year. Approximately 10%-15% of these people die. Another 11%-19% lose their arms or legs, become deaf, have nervous system problems, or suffer seizures or strokes . Symptoms of meningitis include:
  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Very stiff, sore neck
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitivity to bright lights
  • Sleepiness
  • Mental confusion
Symptoms in newborn and infants can be hard to notice. These may include:
  • Inactivity
  • Unexplained high fever or low body temperature
  • Irritability
  • Vomiting
  • Feeding poorly or refusing to eat
  • Tautness or bulging of soft spots between skull bones
  • Difficulty waking
Treatment may include:
  • Antibiotics
  • Corticosteroids
  • Fluid replacement

What Is the Meningococcal Vaccine?

There are 3 meningococcal vaccines available in the US:
  • Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4)—given as a shot into the muscle, preferred for people age 55 years or younger
  • Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4)—given as a shot under the skin, preferred for adults age 56 years or older
  • Serogroup B meningococcal vaccines
These vaccines are made from parts of the meningococcal bacteria. They do not contain live bacteria.

leave comments
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics: Health And Healing
Meet Our Health Experts
Healing and Transformation

Healing and Transformation

David G. Arenson
Destiny amp the Choices We Make
beginners heart

Beginner's Heart

Britton Gildersleeve
of outsiders refugees and the sound of hearts breaking


Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »