Endometrial Biopsy

(Biopsy, Endometrial)

Click here to view an animated version of this procedure.

Definition

This is a procedure to remove a tissue sample from the lining of the uterus (womb).
The Endometrium
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Reasons for Procedure

An endometrial biopsy may be done to:
  • Evaluate the cause of bleeding in postmenopausal women
  • Evaluate heavy menstrual bleeding or bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Obtain a tissue sample to test for cancer or precancerous conditions
  • Monitor the uterine lining in women on estrogen replacement therapy
  • Help evaluate the cause of infertility or repeated miscarriages

Possible Complications

If you are planning to have an endometrial biopsy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Damage to the uterus (rare)
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the procedure. If you are pregnant, the test cannot be done.

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