Can We Prevent or Delay Schizophrenia?
Fifteen-year-old Caitlin was an excellent student with many friends when she entered the ninth grade. One year later, she suddenly became restless in school, stopped paying attention to her teachers, and eventually failed all of her subjects. At home, she appeared increasingly withdrawn and isolated, spending hours sleeping or watching television. The previously even-tempered adolescent became angry, anxious, and suspicious of those around her. She was occasionally seen talking to herself while making repetitive, odd hand motions. Several years later, hearing voices and insisting that the CIA was hatching an elaborate plot to murder her and her family, she was diagnosed with schizophrenia.If Caitlin had received help at the first sign of trouble, could her descent into psychosis have been prevented or delayed?
Are There Early Warning Signs?Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that changes the way a person views reality, responds to others, and experiences emotion. It is a condition that affects every aspect of a person's life, including family relations, friendships, education, and career. While schizophrenia can manifest in different ways, early signs that can indicate a problem include:
- Not caring about personal hygiene
- Seeing or hearing things that are not really there
- Acting or speaking in an unusual way that does not make sense
- Having disorganized thoughts
- Having strange beliefs or magical thinking
- Withdrawing from others
- Not having any motivation
- Feeling suspicious of others
- Having dramatic changes in your sleep pattern