The Skinny on Sucralose
Sucralose, better known as Splenda, is an artificial sweetener that has led to several low-calorie food choices for American consumers. Good news for dieters and the calorie conscious alike. Splenda stands in a long list of artificial sweeteners approved for use in the United States; this list includes saccharin (Sweet N' Low), aspartame (Nutrasweet), acesulfame K (Sunette), and neotame (Neotame).
What Makes Sucralose Different From Other Artificial Sweeteners?Sucralose is the only artificial sweetener that is made from sugar molecules. By substituting part of the sugar molecule with chlorine, an extremely stable molecule is created that has a sweetness about 600 times sweeter than table sugar. But fear not, the chlorine is of no health risk; think of the chlorine in salt (sodium chloride).And, with its sugar-like taste and excellent stability, sucralose can be used in place of sugar in virtually every type of food and beverage. It is even available in a granular form that measures just like table sugar.Unlike the other artificial sweeteners, sucralose is unique in that it is not efficiently absorbed by the body. 85% of sucralose eaten passes through the digestive tract intact and is simply excreted, unchanged. The 15% that does get absorbed is excreted in the urine, unchanged.
FDA ApprovedSucralose was scrutinized for more than 20 years and its safety was intensely reviewed by many authoritative regulatory agencies. Before reaching a decision on the safety of sucralose, more than 100 animal and human studies were evaluated by an expert panel appointed by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA approved sucralose as a tabletop sweetener in 1998 and as a general purpose sweetener in 1999.
Can People With Diabetes Use Sucralose?No artificial sweetener is allowed on the market until the FDA has deemed them safe for use by the public, including people with diabetes. And, because sucralose is not recognized as a carbohydrate by the body, it has no effect on blood glucose levels. But, as with any nutrition concerns, people with diabetes should consult their doctor for individual dietary advice.