(Yellowing of Skin)
DefinitionJaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucus membranes, and whites of the eyes.
CausesJaundice occurs when excess bilirubin builds up in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow-brown colored substance in bile. Bile is a liquid that carries waste products and bilirubin away from the liver. It also helps break down fats in the small intestine. It is formed during the body's normal process of breaking down red blood cells.There are several reasons why too much bilirubin can build up in the blood. They include:
- Excess breakdown of red blood cells, which can occur in:
- A blockage in or near the liver that prevents the flow of bile, such as:
- Gallstones or pancreatitis
- A tumor in the liver or bile duct
- Pancreatic cancer
- Birth defects
Liver, Gallbladder, and Bile duct Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
- Liver damage caused by:
- In babies, insufficient amounts of a certain liver enzyme during the first 2 weeks of life
- Inherited metabolic disorders, including Gilbert , Crigler-Nager, and Dubin-Johnson syndromes
More from Beliefnet
A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.
Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight
Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia
Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery