Measles is an infection that spreads easily. It causes fever, cough, and a rash. It was once a common childhood illness, but it is now less common in the United States due to the use of the measles vaccine .
Measles Rash
Nucleus factsheet image
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


Measles is caused by a virus. The virus is spread by:
  • Direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected people
  • Airborne transmission, which is less common
Measles can be spread:
  • 1-2 days before symptoms appear
  • 3-5 days before the rash
  • 4 days after the appearance of the rash

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your risk of measles include:
  • Unvaccinated or inadequately vaccinated
  • Living in crowded and/or unsanitary conditions
  • Traveling to less developed countries where measles is common
  • Season: winter and spring
  • Weakened immune system even if vaccinated
  • Born after 1956 and either:
    • You have never been diagnosed with measles
    • You received a vaccine before 1968 and you have never been fully vaccinated since


Measles symptoms generally appear 8-12 days following exposure. They include:
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Fever, often high
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Discomfort
  • Red eyes
  • Hacking cough
  • Sore throat
  • Exhaustion
  • Very small spots inside the mouth—2-4 days after initial symptoms
  • Raised, itchy red to brownish rash:
    • Starts around the ears, face, and side of the neck 3-5 days after the first symptoms appear
    • Generally spreads to the arms, trunk, and legs over the next 2 days
    • Lasts about 4-6 days
Full recovery, without scarring, generally takes 7-10 days from the onset of the rash.

leave comments
Did you like this? Share with your family and friends.
Related Topics:
Current Research From Top Journals

Music May Improve Sleep Quality in Adults with Insomnia
October 2015

Insomnia can make your days miserable and a cure can be hard to find. There are some medications but there is some worry with side effects and the potential for addiction. Music is side effect free and according to this study may help you find sleep.

dot separator
previous editions

CPAP May Help Older Adults with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
September 2015

Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss
August 2015

Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission
July 2015

dashed separator


Our Free Newsletter
click here to see all of our uplifting newsletters »