DefinitionRickets is disease resulting from a vitamin D , calcium, or phosphate shortage in children. It causes bones to soften and weaken.
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CausesRickets results when there is a vitamin D, calcium, or phosphorous shortage in a child's body. This may occur when:
- The supply of vitamin D from diet or sun exposure is too low.
- The way the body processes vitamin D is not typical.
- Tissue does not respond to the action of vitamin D.
- There is not enough calcium or phosphorous in the diet or it cannot be absorbed
- Kidney disease is present.
- Not enough vitamin D in the diet. In children, this may be related to:
- Not drinking enough vitamin D-fortified milk
- Not giving enough vitamin D supplements to children being breastfed or to children who are lactose intolerant
- Lack of exposure to sunlight
- Kidney problems:
- Diseases of the small intestines with malabsorption
- Disorders of the liver or pancreas disease
- Certain drugs, such as:
- Certain seizure medications, such as phenytoin or phenobarbital
- Ammonium chloride
- Disodium etidronate
- Fluoride treatment
- Toxicity or poisoning from:
- Outdated tetracycline
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