Colectomy—Open Surgery

(Total Colectomy; Partial Colectomy; Colon Removal)

Definition

This is a procedure to remove all or part of the colon. The colon, or large intestine, is the lower part of the intestinal tract. In a partial colectomy, only part of the colon is removed. In a total colectomy, all of the colon is removed.
Colon
colectomy colon
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Reasons for Procedure

A colectomy may be done to treat a variety of conditions, including:For colon cancer, the goal is to remove all of the cancer. If you have a precancerous condition, then you may have prevented the development of cancer. If you had surgery due to other conditions, a successful operation will alleviate or improve your symptoms.

Possible Complications

Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
  • Damage to other organs or structures
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Hernia forming at the incision site
  • Blood clots
  • Complications from general anesthesia
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:

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