Pelvic Fracture

Definition

A pelvic fracture is defined as one or more breaks, also known as fractures, of the bones that make up the pelvis. Several organs, blood vessels, and nerves are located in this area. Because of this, a pelvic fracture is a serious injury that needs immediate care to prevent current and future complications.
Pelvic Trauma
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Causes

Pelvic fractures are caused by:
  • Car, motorcycle, or pedestrian collisions
  • Falls
  • High-impact sports injuries

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of a pelvic fracture include:
  • History of falls
  • Decreased bone mass— osteoporosis
  • Decreased muscle strength
  • History of trauma in young children and adolescents, especially during sports

Symptoms

A pelvic fracture may cause:
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain upon walking, or inability to walk
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Feeling of a pulled muscle, especially in adolescents that participate in sports

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done to assess the extent of your injury. You may be referred to a doctor who is a trauma specialist and/or a doctor who is a bone specialist.Tests may include:
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
Imaging tests can evaluate the pelvic region and surrounding structures. These may include:

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