Without naming Mary, Paul asserts that God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law (Galatians 4:4). Pauls further statement that God sent the spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying out Abba, Father! helps us realize that Mary is mother to all the brothers and sisters of Jesus.
Some theologians also insist that Marys motherhood of Jesus is an important element in Gods creative plan. Gods first thought in creating was Jesus. Jesus, the incarnate Word, is the one who could give God perfect love and worship on behalf of all creation. As Jesus was first in Gods mind, Mary was second insofar as she was chosen from all eternity to be his mother.
The precise title Mother of God goes back at least to the third or fourth century. In the Greek form Theotokos (God-bearer), it became the touchstone of the Churchs teaching about the Incarnation. The Council of Ephesus in 431 insisted that the holy Fathers were right in calling the holy virgin Theotokos. At the end of this particular session, crowds of people marched through the street shouting: Praised be the Theotokos! The tradition reaches to our own day. In its chapter on Marys role in the Church, Vatican IIs Dogmatic Constitution on the Church calls Mary Mother of God 12 times.