June's birthstone, the pearl, has long been associated with love, innocence, purity, and femininity. Historically, these "teardrops of the moon" have been worn by royal brides as jewelry or sewn into wedding gowns—adored by cultures from ancient Rome to Spain, France, Italy, India, and China. Authentic pearls exist in two forms—natural pearls, found in the sea, and freshwater pearls, found in rivers. While the most desirable pearls are perfectly round white or cream, pearls are also black, pink, gray, blue, and gold.
Pearls are unique among gemstones as the creation of a living creature, the mollusk. Because pearls grow organically, they are believed to help the wearer get in touch with the simple, honest things in life. Pearls also bring out the personality traits of dignity, wisdom, calmness, integrity, and charity. It's believed these precious water-born gems can cure stomach disorders and prevent ulcers. Other healing properties of the pearl include calming stress, alleviating headaches, hypertension, and exhaustion, and preventing heart attacks.