Christian Groups
Catholic League Urges Civil Disobedience
Says teachers should lead students in the pledge, despite ruling

Southern Baptist Leaders React to Ruling

Falwell Ministries Petition
Jerry Falwell urges supporters to sign a petition for the reversal of the decision.

Atheist/Humanist Groups
American Atheists React

Council for Secular Humanism

Civil Rights & Liberties Groups
American Civil Liberties Union
Calls the ruling 'constitutionally correct'

American Center for Law & Justice
Calls the decision 'flawed'

Americans United for Separation of Church and State
The group welcomes the ruling

Personal Responses
Senator Lieberman Condemns Pledge Ruling

U.S. Editorial Roundup
The Washington Post compiles opinions from major newspapers across the country.

A Brief History of the Pledge
From its first publication in 1892 to the amendment of "under God" in 1954.
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