VATICAN CITY (RNS) -- The Vatican's authoritative Congregation for the
Doctrine of the Faith has issued an unprecedented ruling declaring that
the Catholic Church does not regard baptisms in the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints -- the Mormons -- as valid.
The Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano said Tuesday (July 17)
that Pope John Paul II personally approved the ruling, dated June 5, at
an audience with Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, prefect of the congregation.
The ruling consisted of the one-word reply, "Negative," to a
question in Latin as to the validity of Mormon baptisms. It was signed
by Ratzinger and the congregation secretary, Archbishop Tarcisio
The article in L'Osservatore Romano that disclosed the ruling said
it was the first by the Catholic Church to question the validity of any
form of baptism, the sacrament by which the baptized is cleansed of sin
and becomes a member of the Christian church.
"Given that this decision changes the past practice of not disputing
the validity of such baptism, it seems suitable to explain the reasons
that have led to it and to the consequent change in the usual
procedure," the Rev. Luis Ladaria, a consultant to the congregation,
said in the article.
Ladaria said that the ruling was based on the "substantial
difference" between the Catholic and Mormon churches regarding "the
faith in the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, in the name of whom
baptism is conferred, and regarding the reference to Christ who
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints holds a modified
view of the Holy Trinity and contends that men may become gods in the
same manner as was Jesus.
While Catholics believe that the Trinity is made up of "three
persons in whom the one divinity exists," Mormons hold that the Father,
the Son and the Holy Spirit are "three gods that form one divinity,"
Ladaria said. "There is not, in fact, basic doctrinal coincidence."
But he said the ruling was not intended as a judgment on Mormons
with whom Catholics often work "on a series of problems regarding the
common good of the entire humanity."
"One can thus hope that through further studies, dialogue and
goodwill it might be possible to progress in reciprocal comprehension
and mutual respect," he said.