This principle may sound like a no-brainer, but you would be surprised at the large percentage of singles who have the attitude that says, "I just want to get married, and once I've got my man (or woman), then we'll work things out." Lonely and worried they'll never marry, many singles are so intent on getting to "I do" that they don't invest the necessary time and effort to make a great decision. Most of the failed marriages I have encountered were in trouble the day they began.
But before you swear off marriage completely, be aware that recent research offers great news for singles: A number of studies show that premarital variables can predict which couples will do well and which will not with 80 to 94 percent accuracy. This means you can know in advance if you and your potential mate have a much-better-than-average chance of succeeding in marriage.
Think about it: You don't have to wonder, hope, and believe that you'll have a happy, lasting marriage; you can be very close to knowing it with certainty. And the secret to success begins first and foremost with your choice of whom to marry.
Let me offer what I believe are the four most important factors for choosing a great life partner:
Dr. Neil Warren is a psychologist, popular speaker and the founder of eharmony.com based in Pasadena, Calif. His best-selling books include "Finding the Love of Your Life" and "How to Know if Someone Is Worth Pursuing in Two Dates or Less."
In 75 to 80 percent of all marriages that eventually end in divorce or separation, at least one of the partners suffers from an emotional health deficiency. Usually, this problem has haunted them for years, long before they got married. I'm so convinced of this that I tell people that no marriage can ever be healthier than the emotional health of the least healthy partner.
The fact is, personality or behavioral problems will not vanish when you get married. If there are qualities about your partner's personality or behavior that you question-such as jealousy, temper, irresponsibility, dishonesty, or stubbornness-ask yourself if you are willing to spend the rest of your life dealing with these problems. Obviously, if the person you are considering has a drug or drinking problem or trouble with sexual integrity, you should make absolutely sure that he or she has worked through the problem well in advance of your marriage.
2. Look for someone who is a lot like you. For couples, similarities are like money in the bank, and differences are like debts they owe. Suppose you received two bank statements in the mail today, one showing the amount of money in your savings account, the other showing the charges on your credit card. If you have a large savings account and little debt, you're in a position of strength and you can weather economic storms. If a financial crisis arises, you have the means to handle it.
If you want to make a marriage work with someone who is very different from you in background, you will need a large number of similarities in values as permanent equity in your account. That's because every difference you have requires negotiation and adaptation. One of you has to give a lot, or both of you have to give some. In either case there is a need for plenty of change and energy for negotiations. If couples are unwilling to bend and adjust, they'll experience regular flashes of resentment and frustration. But even if you make the necessary changes, you will still experience the kind of stress that comes whenever significant change is required. If there are too many differences, you may not be able to survive all the strain involved in adapting to each other.
3. Look for someone who has your ten "must-haves" and none of your ten "can't-stands." Many singles have only a loosely defined list of qualities they want in a spouse ("I want someone who's good-looking, has a good sense of humor, and is a hard worker"). Naturally, with vague criteria like this, they end up with a spouse who has a lot of characteristics they don't like. And over the course of many years, those undesirable traits or missing attributes become a source of tremendous frustration.
Think long and hard about what you want and don't want in the person you'll spend the rest of your life with. If you are deeply spiritual and committed to your faith, this quality should be on your must-have list. If you have a strong aversion to deceitful, dishonest people, the word lying should be on your can't-stand list. If you are superambitious, and if you get bored by complacent, apathetic people, write "must be a go-getter" on your list.
4. Look for someone with whom you can communicate deeply and authentically. Many couples enter marriage without really knowing each other. They may have discussed life histories, goals for the future, how many children they would like to have, and so on. But as important as this information is, they may not be aware of deep-down drives, motivations, fears, and joys that comprise their partner's "emotional essentials." Heart-to-heart, soul-level communication is the basis for the kind of intimacy and closeness critical to any successful marriage.
A big part of effective communication is knowing how to resolve conflicts. If a couple doesn't know how to deal effectively with their disagreements, their marriage may be systematically destroyed. In my opinion, more marriages fail because two people don't know how to handle their differences than any other reason. That's why it's so vital that you and your spouse-to-be assess your conflict-resolution skills prior to marriage.
Marriage provides the conditions in which we can experience tremendous happiness and satisfaction-or endless grief and frustration. Thinking carefully and consciously about the kind of person you want to marry will greatly increase your chances for a delightful, enduring marriage.