Calendar of Holidays & Festivals - October 2005

Calendar of Holidays & Festivals - October 2005

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October 3 - November 3

Holy month in which the Qur'an was revealed; a time of worship, Qur'an reading, charitable acts, and individual reflection and purification (begins at sundown).
Resource: About Ramadan
eCards: Send a Ramadan Greeting

October 4

Feast Day of St. Francis of Assisi
Honors the founder of the Franciscan order, patron saint of animals.
Excerpt: A Powerful Retelling of St. Francis' Conversion

October 4-5

Rosh Hashanah
Jewish New Year, anniversary of the creation of the world; a 2-day observance (begins at sundown).
Basics: Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Primer
Feature: Jewish Holidays
eCards: Send a Rosh Hashanah Greeting

October 4 - 14

Festival devoted to the worship of the destructive, protective, and knowledge giving roles of the supreme being.
Link: About Navratri

October 12

Dussehra/Durga Puja
Festival celebrating the victory of good over evil; honors the ten-armed goddess of fertility and the third embodiment of the Devi, Durga.
Link: About Durga Puja

October 13

Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement; humans' fates for the coming year are sealed by God (begins at sundown the night before).
Basics: Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Primer
Feature: Jewish Holidays

October 15

Winter Nights
Festival honoring the Disir or family spirits; a time to honor family, both living and dead (sometimes observed October 31).
Basics: Who Are the Asatruar?
Link: About Winter Nights and Other Asatru Holidays

October 18-24

Feast of Booths; harvest festival commemorating the divine protection of Israelites during their 40-year wandering in the desert (begins at sundown October 17).
Basics: Sukkot and Simchat Torah Primer
Feature: Jewish Holidays
Quiz: How Much Do You Know?
eCards: Send a Sukkot Greeting

October 20

Birthday of the Bab
Commemorates the birth of the prophet-herald of the faith (begins sundown the previous day).
Resource: The Birth of the Bab
Link: Baha'i Holy Days and Festivals

Karva Chauth (Karwa Chauth)
Fast observed by married women honoring the god Shiva and his consort Parvati; ensures the well-being, prosperity, and longevity of husbands.
Link: About Karwa Chauth

Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom
Time of remembering the execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur, ninth of the ten Gurus who founded Sikhism.
The Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur

October 25

Shemini Atzeret
Completion of the annual cycle of the reading of the Torah.
Basics: Sukkot and Simchat Torah Primer

October 26

Simchat Torah
"Rejoicing in the Torah"; celebrates the completion of the yearly Torah reading cycle and the beginning of the new cycle (begins at sundown).
Basics: Sukkot and Simchat Torah Primer

October 30

Lailat ul-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr)
"Night of Power"; commemorates the revelation of the Qur'an to Muhammad (begins sundown the previous day).
Link: About Lailat ul-Qadr
eCards: Send a Lailat ul-Qadr Greeting

Reformation Day
Commemorates Martin Luther's nailing of the 95 theses on the church door, starting the Protestant Reformation.
Link: Questions and Answers About Reformation Day

October 31

The last harvest festival and the end of the Wiccan year; marks the death of the god.
Essay: The Spiritual New Year
Basics: The Witches' New Year, More About Samhain
eCards: Send a Samhain Greeting

All Hallows Eve
Evening of preparation for All Saints Day, once called All Hallows.
Feature: Do Religion and Halloween Mix?

Non-religious holiday recognizing the dead, celebrated in much of North America and parts of Western Europe.
Feature: Do Religion and Halloween Mix?
eCards: Send a Halloween Greeting

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