SACRAMENTO, Nov. 21--The California Supreme Court ruled today thatsame-religion marriages between Jews were not only "legal andconstitutional," but "should be honored and accorded dignity." The 5-4 advisorydecision, while still permitting Jews to marry outside the faith, wasissued in response to a lawsuit brought by Mothers Against InterfaithMarriages (MAIM); it sent shockwaves throughout the state's--and nation's--religious, political and show business communities.

"While we didn't get everything we wanted, this is a great day for Jewish mothers everywhere," said MAIM president, Sophie Berkowitz, who tragically lost her daughter to a marriage with a Southern Baptist fireman in Houston seven years ago and hasn't heard from her since. "The court has gone a long way toward removing the stigma against Jews marrying Jews."

While not quite illegal, marriages between Jews of the opposite sexare so rare that they've become an underground activity, facing a larger culture that scorns and discriminates against Jewish couples who are determined -- against all odds -- to marry each other. Their weddings are often furtively held inside secret meeting-places known as "temples" and involve ancient rites peculiar to their subculture, such as stepping on a glass at the end of the ceremony or placing the couple's gift registry at Nieman-Marcus.

Still, some Jewish couples are finally willing to go public withtheir forbidden love for each other. "We're tired of being treated likesecond-class citizens," notes Paul Daviwitz, 34, of Richmond, Virginia, whomarried his wife Ruth after a 10-year search for a Jewish woman he feltcomfortable marrying. "We didn't settle for each other; I happen tolike women with frizzy hair. Do you got a problem with that?" Now,following by a few days the Massachusetts court ruling upholding the rightof gay marriages, Jews who marry Jews are also finding vindication in theCalifornia court decision.

Even so, tremendous cultural and demographic barriers remain beforeJewish same-religion marriages become commonplace or widely accepted.Perhaps the major obstacle facing proponents of intra-Jewish marriages isthe frequency with which Jewish men and women are attracted to good-lookingpeople of other faiths.

As Groucho Marx stated years ago, "It always seemedto me that making love to a Jewish girl was like making love to yoursister." That sort of deeply-held belief is hard to break, experts note. (They also say that Jewish women are governed by their own set of stereotypes, all too often preferring handsome non-Jewish athletes to the prototypical "shlub.")

The new court ruling stopped short of requiring Jews to marrywithin their faith, but it still raised some concerns. "Does this mean Ican't go after Cameron Diaz anymore?"asked a concerned Jeff Goldblum whennotified of the decision by the Associated Press.

The demographic trends are also stacked against intra-Jewishmarriages. Jews currently make up less than 2 percent of the Americanpopulation and nearly half (and sometimes more) marry outside their faith,depending on geographic location and the availability of blonde actresses.In Hollywood, no prominent Jew has married another since Steven Spielbergmarried Amy Irving in 1985. His $100 million divorce settlement when hedecided to marry golden-tressed Kate Capshaw has had a chilling effect onother same-religion marriages among leading Jews, according to the B'NaiB'rith Jewish Anti-Assimilation League.

To counter the intermarriage trend, though, some Jewish groups arefighting back, working from the same playbook as Christian fundamentalistswho promote "conversion therapy" for gays. Rabbi Louis Sheldonberg of theTraditional Jewish Values Coalition is the author of the new book, "LivingWithout Shiksas: A Guide to Jewish Fulfillment". Formerly married to aUniversity of Montana homecoming queen, he says he's found renewedhappiness and faith in his new all-Jewish marriage. "I'm a better man forbeing married to a Jewish woman I love and resisting temptation to stray,"he says.

His controversial workshops are aimed at Jewish men and womenwho are ashamed of their attraction to non-Jews. They feature the use ofmild electric shocks administered in conjunction with the display ofpictures of gorgeous non-Jewish icons such as Pamela Anderson and BradPitt. At the same time, those images are gradually replaced by stirringvideo footage of charismatic stars of Jewish heritage, such as LaurenBacall and Harrison Ford (his mother was Jewish, they're reminded) and theprogram's show-stopper, the half-Jewish Winona Ryder, born Winona Horowitz."We've found that Winona is a powerful stimulant to the male Jewish brain,"says Sheldonberg.

Unfortunately, he concedes, nearly 70 percent of the Jewish Jewphobes he serves "relapse" and ultimately marry non-Jews. It'sunclear, then, if the new California court ruling will have much practicaleffect in stemming the intermarriage tide.