1. Eat, drink and be moderate.
Almost all of us do it--once iftar (the fast-breaking meal) time hits, we just keep plowing food and drink into our mouths until it's hard to move afterwards. And those of us who do it know this is totally contrary to the spirit of Ramadan, through which we're supposed to learn self-control not self-indulgence. Let's try to stick to the [Prophet Muhammad’s] rule on eating: Fill our stomachs with one-third food, one-third water and one-third breathing space, even in Ramadan.
2. Give a dollar a day in charity ... or five or ten.
The Prophet Muhammad was always generous, but even more so in Ramadan. Let's open our hearts and dig a little deeper in our wallets this year. Even less than a dollar a day adds up. Whatever you can give, it's the intention that counts.
3. Memorize four new suras.
Memorizing the Qur’an often seems like a daunting task. But the key is doing it in small bites. Since there are four weeks in Ramadan, try to memorize one new surah (passages from the Qur’an) a week. Start off with a short, easy one. Once you've started, you'll build momentum and may even want to memorize a longer one the following week.
4. Go to tarawih prayers.
Post-iftar, the first urge is to sleep after an exhausting day. But try your best to head out to the mosque for tarawih (special evening prayers in which one chapter of the Qur’an is recited each night) prayers. Praying alone is wonderful, but doing it in congregation is fantastic. The community spirit is part of Ramadan's blessings. Don't miss it this year. If going every day is not possible, try going at least one week.
5. Attend the tarawih prayer in which the recitation of the Qur’an will be finished.
Call the local mosque and find out which day the imam will be finishing the recitation of the Qur’an in prayer. Attend to not only hear part of the Qur’an's recitation in prayer, but also participate in the heart-rending du'as (supplications) that follow it.
6. Stop swearing and/or backbiting with a special box.
It's hard not to shoot our mouths off when someone's upset us. Whether we utter those four-letter words or backbite (and complain) about someone to our family and friends, we know this isn't the God-approved way of letting off steam. In Ramadan, when we want to build our spirituality, we've got to wage jihad against our bad habits.
Try this: Get a box and every time you catch yourself swearing or backbiting put some money in it. It could be a dollar or less. The point is to choose an amount that makes it feel like punishment. At the end of the month send the money to a charity or buy a gift for the person whom you've backbitten the most against.
7. Call or email your relatives.
You'd think that given the easy access to email, competitive long-distance calling rates, and phone cards these days, we would keep in touch with family and friends more often. But the opposite seems to be the case, as we get caught up in life's "busy-ness."
Strengthening ties with family members and keeping in touch with friends is part of our way of life, and an act Allah is very pleased with. This Ramadan, call family and friends or at least email them a Ramadan card and ask them how their fasting is going.
8. Go on a technology diet.
Even if you work in the information technology industry, you can do this. Avoid checking personal email and surfing the web during your fast. After iftar, instead of plopping yourself in front of the screen, go to tarawih prayers. The same goes for the television. The point is to try to give our full attention to spiritual elevation this month.
9. Read five minutes of Qur’an a day ... just five, no more, no less .
Even if you feel you've got absolutely no time, set a timer or the alarm on your cell phone and find a relatively quiet place. You can read the first page of the Qur’an, or you open [the Qur’an to whatever page] and follow a sequence. The choice is yours. The point is simply to connect with God through His revelation … of the Qur’an.
10. Forgive everyone who has hurt you.
Still got a festering wound from the fight with your friend last year? Still upset about something your spouse said during a heated argument? Or are you still bitter about the way your parents sometimes treated you as a kid? Let go of the anger and pain this Ramadan and forgive those who have hurt you. Forgiving someone is not only good for the body, but it's also great for the soul. And in Ramadan, ten days of which are devoted to Allah's forgiveness, shouldn't we lesser beings forgive too?