As Catholics worldwide mourn the death of Pope John Paul II, their thoughts also begin to turn to his possible successor. Although surprises are a frequent feature of the papal selection process, the following cardinals are among those most often cited as likely candidates for the papacy.

Francis Arinze (Nigeria) | Jorge Mario Bergoglio (Argentina) | Tarcisio Bertone (Italy)
Godfried Danneels (Belgium) | Ivan Dias (India) | Francisco Javier Errazuriz Ossa (Chile)
Claudio Hummes (Brazil) | Walter Kasper (Germany) | Wilfrid Fox Napier (South Africa) | Keith O'Brien (Scotland) | Jose da Criz Policarpo (Portugal) | Joseph Ratzinger (Germany) | Norberto Rivera Carrera (Mexico) | Oscar Rodriguez Maradiaga (Honduras) | Christoph Schonborn (Austria) | Angelo Scola (Italy) | Dionigi Tettamanzi (Italy)

Cardinal Christoph Schonborn
Country: Austria
Age: 60
Website: Archdiocese of Vienna
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Some say that Schonborn who leads the archdiocese of Vienna, could potentially be an innovative pope, particularly given his experience with restive Catholics in Austria. Generally, however, Schonborn is seen as someone who would continue in the style of John Paul II.
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    Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone
    Country: Italy
    Age: 70
    Website: Diocese of Genoa
    News: Bertone Raises Profile
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    A one-time lieutenant of Cardinal Ratzinger within the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Bertone, who is from Genoa, is another arch-conservative voice in the Church. Bertone recently made headlines by urging Catholics not to read or purchase the best-selling novel "The DaVinci Code."

    Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger
    Country: Germany
    Age: 78
    Website: Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
    Review: The Ratzinger Rap Sheet
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    A staunchly conservative figure within the church, Ratzinger, from Bavaria, was the longtime leader of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which oversees Roman Catholic Church orthodoxy, up until his resignation in April 2005. He is known for his tough and often controversial statements on topics such as homosexuality, which he called "objectively disordered," and the validity of other Christian denominations.
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  • Cardinal Jose da Cruz Policarpo
    Country: Portugal
    Age: 69
    Website: Diocese of Lisbon

    The Lisbon patriarch is widely admired for his intellect and his interest in re-evangelizing Europe.

    Cardinal Francis Arinze
    Country: Nigeria
    Age: 72
    Website: Prefect of Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments
    Speech: Arinze's Controversial Commencement Address
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    The 72-year-old Arinze, from Nigeria, who, up until recently, headed the Prefect of Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments in Rome, has been a cardinal for more than 20 years. He previously spent two decades as the head of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue.
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    Cardinal Godfried Danneels
    Country: Belgium
    Age: 71
    Website: Archdiocese of Mechelen-Brussel
    News: Cardinal Urges Papacy Term-Limit Debate

    Danneels, Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussel, is viewed as an intellectual heavyweight, as well as a doctrinal moderate who has called for discussion on such contentious issues as mandatory celibacy and a greater role for women.
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    Cardinal Keith O'Brien
    Country: Scotland
    Age: 67
    Website: Archdiocese of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh

    The Scottish cardinal, Archbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh, has also been seen as open to considering changes on issues like priestly celibacy and the role of women in the church. Last year, he condemned the Scottish government for "child abuse" in launching a public sex-education campaign.

    Cardinal Norberto Rivera Carrera
    Country: Mexico
    Age: 62
    Website: Archdiocese of Mexico
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    Latin America is home to nearly half the world's Catholics, and Rivera, Archbishop of Mexico, is a frequently mentioned candidate for the papacy. He has called for an end to "xenophobic attitudes" in the United States against illegal aliens from Mexico.
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    Cardinal Wilfrid Fox Napier
    Country: South Africa
    Age: 64
    Website: Archdiocese of Durban

    Another African candidate, Napier, is Archbishop of Durban, South Africa and judged by many to be more likely than Arinze to be elected pope. He has criticized the South African government for promoting condoms in the fight against HIV/Aids.

    Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio
    Country: Argentina
    Age: 69
    Website: Archdiocese of Buenos Aires

    The 69-year-old Archbishop of Argentina is the only Jesuit on the papal short list. He was appointed a cardinal in 2001 and is seen as a contender mainly because of interest in a Latin American pope.
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    Cardinal Oscar Rodriguez Maradiaga
    Country: Honduras
    Age: 62
    Website: Archdiocese of Tegucigalpa
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    Rodriguez, archbishop of Tegucigalpa, Honduras, is the most widely mentioned possible successor to the pope from Latin America. He has had his share of controversies, however, once comparing the clergy sexual abuse coverage to "the times of Nero and Diocletian, and more recently, of Stalin and Hitler."
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    Cardinal Claudio Hummes
    Country: Brazil
    Age: 70
    Website: Archdiocese of Sao Paulo
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    A Franciscan, Hummes is Archbishop of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Traditional on doctrinal matters, he also supports greater decentralization in the church.
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    Cardinal Dionigi Tettamanzi
    Country: Italy
    Age: 71
    Website: Archdiocese of Milan
    More: Stance on Gay Civil Rights

    When Tettamanzi was assigned to lead the archdiocese of Milan, many said that, because of Milan's wealth and power, he was taking his place as a possible papal successor. Tettamanzi is considered to be a moderate.
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    Cardinal Ivan Dias
    Country: India
    Age: 69
    Website: Archdiocese of Bombay

    The 69-year-old Archbishop of Bombay has served in locations from Scandinavia to Indonesia to Magadascar. He also served the Vatican Secretariat of State early in his career, working for nine years in Eastern Europe at the height of the Cold War.
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    Cardinal Francisco Javier Errazuriz Ossa
    Country: Chile
    Age: 71
    Website: Archdiocese of Santiago
    News: Pope Names New Cardinals

    Archbishop of Santiago, Errazuriz is widely traveled and has worked in a variety of settings. He has served in the Vatican as the Secretary of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life and is currently the President of the Latin American Episcopal Council (CELAM), heading a rather divided group of bishops.
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    Cardinal Walter Kasper
    Country: Germany
    Age: 71
    Website: Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
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    An accomplished theologian and author, Kasper is widely respected for his work in Christian ecumenical relations. He is the president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity and the Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews.
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    Cardinal Angelo Scola
    Country: Italy
    Age: 63
    Website: Archdiocese of Venice
    News: Scola Raises Profile
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    Patriarch of Venice, Scola recently resigned as the head of the Pontifical Institute on Marriage and the Family, which has promoted the pope's conservative views on sexuality, abortion, and marriage. One of his main concerns is the "fracture" between the church and contemporary culture and he is interested in bioethics and the "culture of life."
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