Cessation of Suffering
Buddhism teaches that a person can cease their suffering by snuffing out their dangerous desires. This is done by liberating oneself from all forms of attachment. The possibility of liberation, nirodha, makes up the third Noble Truth.
Ridding oneself of attachment does not solely mean giving up on foods that people crave or other similar desires. It means extinguishing all forms of desire, greed and hatred. This includes detaching oneself from the idea that there is a permanent, unchangeable Self. People want to believe in the false notion that there is an “I” and an “other.” Only when this notion is erased can a person achieve liberation and nirvana.
Nirvana means “peace” and refers to the state of mind where a person has managed to detach themselves from this world, their illusions and the false notion of Self. Instead, they find truth and peace. Achieving nirvana means that when a person dies, they will not be reborn into the cycle of samsara, the cycle of birth, death and rebirth that keeps all living things trapped in suffering.
What happens after a person who has achieved liberation dies varies according to different Buddhist groups. Some groups have no real answer. Others claim that people travel to the Pure Land or that people simply exist in an endless state of peace.