The Masoretic Text
Hebrew Bible, vol. 2
Joseph ben Kalonymus, scribe
Xanten, Lower Rhineland, 5054 (1294 CE)
Curator David Wachtel's comments:
The second volume of this monumental calligraphic Hebrew Bible contains the second section of the Tanakh, the books of the Nevi’im (Prophets). These are Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Trei ‘Asar (literally, twelve, named for the twelve shorter works frequently referred to as the Minor Prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi).
The minuscule writing that appears above and below the three columns of the biblical text, as well as the inter-columnar insertions, form the masorah (literally, tradition), a collection of critical and explanatory notes that were compiled between the seventh and tenth centuries CE. Their main purpose was to ensure the accurate transmission of the biblical text, particularly its pronunciation and grammar.