Read Beliefnet's complete interview and listen to Jennings' thoughts on:
How he practices his faith
How his own faith has been renewed
How religion is viewed in the newsroom
How he deals with doubt
If he prays
The perils of a 'historical' Jesus
How someone of faith should process his show
Beliefnet: What can you tell me about how you practice your own faith?
Jennings: That's a difficult question because...I don't want to be identified as someone who, at any given moment in their life, gets down on his knees and seeks whatever. But I certainly grew up in the Christian tradition in which I was taught, fairly young, that there was a set of rules, a set of recommendations, a set of standards by which a Christian could and should try to live.
[While working as a journalist overseas] I came to have an appreciation that in all parts of the world, people like me of other faiths struggle to be conscious of that which they have been taught. In time, I became much more conscious of a religion as a political or more widely embracing notion.
|How he practices his faith|
Beliefnet: A couple of years ago, in a speech you said that there was a "new spark to my own faith." What did you mean by that?
Jennings: I think a wider awareness led me to seek. I don't like the word--it's become a popular word, "Are you a believer or are you a seeker?" But I do think that I have gone through a subsequent period of seeking to understand what or how strong or what are the connections I have to God. So
|How his own faith has been renewed|
Beliefnet: I know very much what you mean. It is not dissimilar to my own situation --but it's not always easy to articulate this.
Jennings: And I haven't been asked this before, and you can see I'm having difficulty.
|How religion is viewed in the newsroom|
So given the fact that I have some influence in this regard, I don't want anybody to put a label on me. It would be easy to say in this broadcast, "I am a believer, and therefore you should not second-guess me on this program." I don't want to do that at all. First of all, it wouldn't be true. It would be the wrong thing to do. I'm very self-conscious about that...
Having been raised an Anglican--again I would appall Anglicans [and Episcopalians] by saying this--but I was raised with the notion that it was OK to ask questions, and it was OK to say, "I'm not sure. I believe, but I'm not quite so certain about the resurrection." And I was very impressed by Tom Wright's notion that something must have happened--that something must have happened--by which in less than 300 years Christianity was the official religion of the Roman Empire. Something must have happened.
|How he deals with doubt|
Beliefnet: Have you ever experienced anything that you believed was miraculous?
Jennings: I would prefer not to answer that.
Beliefnet: Do you pray?
|Does he pray?|
I don't know what people will find controversial in the broadcast, but I am very conscious of the fact that in looking at Jesus the man--what we think we saw--and I'm careful not to use the word "found"--what we think we saw was a young man who was seeking a solution for people then. And I have to be very faith conscious in order to continue to be aware that many people believe
|Perils of a 'historical' Jesus|
Beliefnet: You talked about your experience as a journalist overseas and seeing how the power of religion has sustained a lot of people. You also witnessed and reported on many instances in which faith was used to justify atrocities. How do you come away from those situations without being cynical about religion?
Jennings: I think you can be cynical about religion on occasion, and certainly skeptical about the degree to which some people use religion to manipulate other people. [But] I went back to Iran with the Ayatollah Khomeini--sat beside him as he went home and spent a lot of time within arms length in the early days of the revolution, which of course began even before he came. And I always thought it was an easy thing to think he was a manipulator and that he used power that he could see in front of him every day in order to get rid of the Shah, who hadn't made the deal with the mullahs. It's a very tempting way to see it. In time, I think I came to see Islam, or at least one part of Islam, as an important defense mechanism against the Americanization of the world or the commercialization of the world. In other words, we got profoundly angry by the phrase "the great Satan." I didn't meet many Iranians even at the most intense times who believed that we were Satan in America but that we represented, contextually, Satanic ideas, and they were afraid. And I could see them huddling behind these religious barricades in order to defend their own cultures. I feel very strongly about that in terms of Islam.
Beliefnet: I'm sure you have written and talked about why you became a journalist and why you pursued this career. I want to ask that classic question in a slightly different way: Do you feel like you were put on earth for a certain purpose?
Jennings: Yes--but not for the one you think. I actually think--the one thing that I have done really well in my life--is be a father. And I think in some respects that's as much by luck as good judgment, but, like most people, you do some things naturally and you do other things not so naturally. The only thing I really think I did without thinking was to be a father. Now, I'm sure that's not true and that [it's actually] some romantic notion of why I was put here. But to answer your question, do I think I was put here on earth to be a journalist and to seek truth? No, I don't.
Jennings: I myself have been very careful--by the way--not to ask you that question.
Beliefnet: Well, I sort of feel like, if I'm asking you, you can ask me.
Jennings: But I don't want to ask you. I mean, I do, I'm dying to ask you. When Beliefnet came along, I thought it was, first of all, very exciting because for me [it was] a great resource tool--a few too many spiritual chat rooms for me. But, having said that, I want to think about it as a journalistic exception. I don't want to think about it as a messianic adventure, because I will think differently of you, because the labels are irresistible. Then I would have to spend time peeling away the labels. I like you just as you are, which is a journalist. I can deal with that.
The one thing I would want to have you understand absolutely clearly about me is that I think in one respect, I think I am very mainstream, so therefore I'm committed to good works in my life... But don't be confused at all that somehow my interest in religion, faith, and spirituality is somehow driven by any sense of faith or spirituality of my own. It is a fabulous story. It intersects with people's lives in ways that other people in newsrooms are not as lucky as I am to understand. I really think that's the most important thing to know about me. This is a good and irresistible story--and it is, my God, what else are we looking for in life? It is relevant. So I in some respects should have said in the beginning, I don't want to talk about my faith in spirituality at all, or my faith in my religion at all, and I may have done so inadvertently in an ingratiating way, and I feel badly about that.
Beliefnet: There may be some who would say the whole idea of searching for evidence [is misguided]. Religion is not about documentation--it's about faith.
|How someone of faith should process his show|
Beliefnet: What effect did it have on you?
Jennings: Well, first of all I want to keep my own faith out of this because it's not relevant to the broadcast. I think it's fairly widely known by anybody who pays attention that I'm raised an Anglican, I'm a practicing Christian, and that's about as far as I want to go with it because I would not want people to think that somehow I brought my own notion of faith or spirituality to bear on it. And I think and hope the broadcast will be seen by most people as trying conscientiously to keep faith and archaeology separate. It's inescapably fascinating to read the Gospels more seriously than I had before and think of them as documentation for a journalist rather than articles of the faith.
Beliefnet: How should someone of faith process this show?
Jennings: I think it depends to some extent how you parse faith. Because it struck me, with all of our characters, they all regard themselves as believers, and none of them regarded themselves as seekers to use conventional language, or contemporary. Therefore, we accepted their bona fides as being believers, and yet in several instances when discussing the resurrection, for example, or the authenticity of Mary's virginity, I think in some cases we are able to see that metaphorically.
So I think it depends--if you believe literally everything written in the New Testament, and much of [what] is written in the Old Testament is to be taken literally, without any examination, then I think there will be parts of the broadcast that should be quite objectionable and may be difficult to process--maybe not worth processing, probably more to the point, except maybe to get your dander up, which again was not our intention. But I am fascinated by how someone like Dominic Crossan and Tom Wright and Jerry Murphy-O'Connor, three of our very significant players, three extremely worthy scholars and churchmen, can process the resurrection in different ways.
Beliefnet: Was there anything that surprised you through the course of this, things you learned?
Jennings: Well, it all surprised me. I mean, yes, little things surprise me. I was quite fascinated by the scholarship that seems to find that the virgin birth may have its roots in Roman mythology--and these are very small examples--or that the water-into-wine miracle may have--notice how I hedge and qualify everything--a genesis in Greek mythology.
Father O'Connor and I were sitting outside the Valley of Kidron, and we're talking about Jesus arriving for Sabbath--Passover--and I said, "How many people do you think came with him?" He said, "Maybe a dozen," and I said, "A dozen?"--another reminder that what became so vast in the subsequent centuries probably was in the first century very small, very risky.