Today's Kemetic religions are modern practices based on the ancient religion of Egypt. ("Kemet" is an old Egyptian term for Egypt.) Practitioners use archeology and other methods of scholarship to reconstruct ancient Egyptian religion, which finds expression in a number of diverse traditions today, such as Kemetic Orthodoxy, the Fellowship of Isis, and the Rosicrucian Order. While there are wide differences among the modern Kemetic traditions, here are some fundamental concepts that modern Kemetics share.

Although Kemetic religion has been practiced in varying forms over thousands of years, it has maintained key concepts that continue to be observed in neo-Kemetic religious organizations. These concepts include the idea of Ma'at, the worship of Netjer (the divine power of the universe, or God) in the form of many gods and goddesses, the veneration of ancestors, and the notion of a human king serving as the link between gods and men (or the seen and unseen realms).

Kemetic religion is a modified form of polytheism sometimes called monolatry, where many gods and goddesses are worshipped and recognized, yet each partakes of a single divine wholeness, referred to as Netjer. The Kemetic belief that the gods and goddesses each represent one total divine Whole differentiates the faith from completely polytheistic religions, where many gods are represented in many forms and are never are depicted as One; or monotheistic religions, where one god always has one form (and never many forms).

Ma'at is a concept and a deity which serves as the foundation of Kemetic society, often represented as a woman with an ostrich feather on Her head. Ma'at personifies all that is right, just, true, and in balance--not only the universe and creation as a whole, but also in relationships between people and society. When you are living "in Ma'at," you feel it -- Ma'at flows towards you, and you multiply Ma'at with your good actions towards others. Ma'at's action in the universe is like a pebble thrown into a pond, with ripples extending far and wide. Ma'at is one of the many forms of Netjer (the divine force, or God).

All Kemetic faiths venerate the ancestors (akhu, or "shining ones" in the ancient language) with offerings and remembrance. They are one step closer to Netjer than we are, and are able to watch over loved ones and help in their lives. The Kemetic belief is that after death, the deceased takes a journey to the "West" to face the Judgment. There, the heart (a symbol of the sum total of one's actions during life) is weighed against the feather of Ma'at. If the two balance, the deceased is "justified" and becomes one of the akhu in the Blessed West. If not (and if there are no redeeming qualities in that person's life to balance any wrongdoing), the ka (personal soul) of the person is eaten by Ammit (a fierce deity that watches the weighing of the heart), and that soul ceases to exist.

In ancient Kemet, the king, or "nisut," served as the link between Netjer and Netjer's people. He (or She) was the bearer of the Kingly Ka, an emanation of the God Heru (Horus in Greek). The job of the King was to govern the society in Ma'at and serve according to Netjer's will. Some forms of neo-Kemetic religion recognize a Kingly Ka today; others do not. In the case of the Kemetic Orthodox, for example, the role of the "king" is filled by Her Holiness Nisut Hekatawy I, who serves as their spiritual leader.