2016-06-30
General
War in World Scripture
A collection of quotes from Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Hinduism, Judaism, and other faiths about war, religious duty to fight, fight against evil, war within one's self, and other topics.

Joint Services Conference on Professional Ethics
An organization of military professionals, academics and others formed to discuss ethical issues relevant to the military.

A History of Conscientious Objection and Religion During the Vietnam War
Includes a history of conscientious objection, an analysis of conscientious objection during the Vietnam War, and religious reactions to conscientious objection.

Just War Theory
An explanation of the theory dealing with the ethical justification of war, types of warfare, and rules of combat.

Buddhism
In Defense of Dharma
An article from the "Journal of Buddhist Ethics" entitled "In Defense of Dharma: Just-War Ideology in Buddhist Sri Lanka." An exploration of the use of the Buddhist canon to justify warfare by Sinhalese Buddhists in Sri Lanka.

Buddhism & War
A question & answer site that explains a Buddhist attitude toward war and answers the question, "Can Buddhists join the army?" Says a Buddhist should never act as an aggressor and gives a Buddhist story as background.

Catholicism
St. Thomas Aquinas on War
Section of Aquinas's "Summa Theologica," in which he answers questions about wheterh war is lawful, whether it is all right to fight on holy days, and more.

Gaudium et Spes
Vatican statement on the Church in the modern world, with a section on 'The Avoidance of War.'

Catholicism & Peace
Collection of online Catholic writings and official statements on war, just-war theory, and peace. With links to relevant organizations.

Hinduism
The Hindu Ethic of Nonviolence
An essay on ahisma, a Jain concept that is the basis for the HIndu principle of nonviolence, with selected quotes from Hindu leaders on pacifism.

Islam
The Cases in Which Islam Permits Fighting
From CyberIslam.com, an explanation of war in Islam, and it being permissible in the cases of fighting in self-defense and fighting in the cause of God.

Judaism
War in Jewish Law
An article entitled "Fighting the War and the Peace: Battlefield Ethics, Peace Talks, Treaties, and Pacifism in the Jewish Tradition," which offers a halakhic explanation of the grounds for starting war, ethics on the battlefield, peace treaties, and related topics.

Jewish View of War
A Q&A column from Jewish.com, which outlines three types of war explained in the Talmud--obligatory war, defensive war, and optional war. Concludes that peace is always the preferred option.

Arms Control & Jewish Values

Statement from Reform Judaism's Religious Action Committee affirming that, "as Jews we have always been firmly committed to the belief that nations must 'beat their swords into plowshares' and that people must act toward one another in a spirit of kindness and humanity."

Protestantism
Christian Pacifist Quotes
Selected quotes from Christian scripture, early church writings, and more about non-violence.

Episcopal Church Statement on War
Includes the church's belief that "non-violent refusal to participate in or prepare for war can be a faithful response of a member of this Church and a decision to participate in war should be made only after careful and prayerful consideration."

Christian Attitudes Toward War
Statement of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) on war. Explains that while the church supported intervention during World Wars I and II, the church rethought its positions after the Vietnam War and the Cold War. Peacemaking is now a church priority.



more from beliefnet and our partners