As he inspected the renovation and preservation efforts currently underway on the Salt Lake Temple, President Russell M. Nelson used three words: “massive, amazing and inspiring.”
By Brittani Hamm
Religion News Service
Brushing back a thick layer of dust, Tudor Parfitt revealed a distinctive interwoven pattern carved around the outside of the “terribly, terribly damaged” wooden artifact tucked away on the bottom shelf of a Zimbabwe warehouse.
“The moment I saw it, I felt there was something weird about it,” said Parfitt, a professor of modern Jewish studies at the University of London’s School of African and Oriental Studies. “I wasn’t simply in the presence of a neutral object.”
In his new book, “The Lost Ark of the Covenant: Solving the 2,500 Year Old Mystery of the Fabled Biblical Ark,” Parfitt describes how he found the artifact in a global trek that would have made Indiana Jones proud. He was shot at in Ethiopia, escaped capture by Islamist outlaws in Yemen and enlisted the help of a cannibalistic tribe in Papua New Guinea.
Like Harrison Ford’s fictional archaeologist, Parfitt has a love of adventure and a fear of snakes. His 20-year hunt ended last year in Zimbabwe, at the Harare Museum of Human Science, where he found his treasure in a dusty storeroom.
According to the Book of Exodus, the Ark of the Covenant — a gold-covered container carried on poles, topped with two golden cherubim facing each other — was crafted on orders from God given to Moses at Mount Sinai.
Parfitt, however, thinks it is unlikely a group of ex-slaves wandering in the desert had the means to create an object so elaborate. That’s why the piece he found, a carved wooden drum, seems more likely, he said.
Parfitt began to suspect that the Ark of the Covenant was a drum in the late 1980s while studying an African tribe called the Lemba. Using genetic testing, he was able to verify a piece of their oral tradition, that they descended from Israelites. At the time, his discovery was featured on “60 Minutes”and the BBC.
Another idea central to the Lemba’s oral tradition was their sacred “ngoma lungundu,” a wooden drum that the tribe’s Israelite priests brought with them from Jerusalem.
“At that time, I thought to connect (it) too close to the Ark of Covenant was too off-the-wall,” Parfitt said. “There wasn’t the remotest amount of evidence.”
However, after studying the similarities, Parfitt concluded that the ngoma and the Ark of the Covenant were one and the same: Both were the dwelling place of God, carried on poles, forbidden to touch the ground and connected with death, fire, smoke and noise.
Lemba tribal lore says the ngoma exploded and destroyed itself, an idea Parfitt used to explain why his relic was radiocarbon dated to A.D. 1350. Parfitt believes the remains of the original Ark of the Covenant spawned the ngoma, an ark-junior, so to speak.
“It presumably is the son of the original,” Parfitt said. “It had the same function. It was holy and had precious secrets kept inside and it was also a weapon. Then it disappeared, and all that was left was the legend.”
Some biblical scholars and archaeologists are skeptical; Parfitt is not the first person to lay claim to the lost treasure.
“It may be that this tribe developed their own Ark of the Covenant, but it doesn’t quite line up with the Tabernacle,” the Israelites’ portable worship tent that housed the Ark, said Roy Bender, who gives tours of a full-sized model of the Tabernacle at the Mennonite Information Center in Lancaster, Pa.
Adds Hershel Shanks, editor of the Biblical Archaeological Review, “Many scholars regard his claims with a very jaundiced eye.”
The original ark disappeared after the Babylonians invaded Jerusalem in 586 B.C., and finding it has become the obsession of thousands of adventurers who understand its significance to Christians, Muslims and Jews alike.
The History Channel recently devoted two hours to Parfitt’s “Quest for the Lost Ark,” following the explorer into caves beneath Jerusalem, through snake- and crocodile-infested swamps in Papua New Guinea, and finally to the museum in Zimbabwe.
While Parfitt hopes the discovery will end some of the tension between Jews and Muslims, others, like Carol Meyers, professor of biblical studies and archaeology at Duke University, believe the discovery would be “meaningless,” even if it proved to be legitimate.
“It would not enter into any religious practice because the Temple in which it was housed no longer exists,” Meyers said.
Nevertheless, Parfitt is confident in his accomplishment and considers the case of the lost Ark of the Covenant closed. He has since begun work on a new project that also has to do with a religious topic.
“It’s something that fell into my lap,” he says, keeping mum on the content, “and it’s an amazing story.”
Copyright 2008 Religion News Service. All rights reserved. No part of this transmission may be distributed or reproduced without written permission.