The 'God Gulf': The Numbers

Data from the 2000 presidential election about religion and political affiliation.

These charts measure differences between self-identified Republicans, independents and Democrats right after the 2000 election on four key religion measures: worship attendance; prayer outside of worship; salience (importance) of religion to the respondent; and belief in life after death.

The largest gap is on attendance: 52% of Republicans reported attending weekly or more often compared to 37% of Democrats, for a gap of 15%. (Some recent polls show an even bigger gap here.)

However, the gap is much smaller on prayer, salience and life after death--about 7% in favor of the Republican party in each case. For example, 68% of Republicans reported praying daily or more often, while 61% of the Democrats did.


For more analysis of these charts, see The Myth of the 'God Gulf'

Worship Attendance

Rep.Ind.Dem.TotalGap
Weekly51.9%42.3%37.4%43.9%15% for Rep.
Monthly29.7%26.8%36.2%32.1%--
Rarely18.4%31.0%26.4%23.9%--
Total100%100%100%100%


Prayer Outside of Worship

Rep.Ind.Dem.TotalGap
Daily67.5%60.5%61.3%63.6%7% for Rep.
Less than Daily24.4%26.1%26.2%25.5%--
Never8%13.4%12.5%10.9%--
Total100%100%100%100%


Salience of Religion (Importance)

Rep.Ind.Dem.TotalGap
Very Salient45.4%35.0%38.3%40.5%7% for Rep.
Less Salient37.9%41.3%38.9%38.9%--
Not Salient16.7%23.7%22.8%20.5%--
Total100%100%100%100%


Beliefs About Life After Death

Rep.Ind.Dem.TotalGap
Cerain Life After66.4%58.6%58.7%61.7%7% for Rep.
Doubts28.4%32.4%33.8%31.4%--
No Life After5.3%9.0%7.5%6.8%--
Total100%100%100%100%
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