Bethlehem's Church of the Nativity getting much-needed facelift
The church was built 1,500 years ago. The roof hasn't been repaired for 150 years. But fixing it is more like archeology than carpentry.
An original church at the site, built by the Roman emperor Constantine I in 330 A.D., was destroyed 200 years later. The existing church was erected in its place.
“Located on the spot said to be the birthplace of Jesus Christ, the Church of the Nativity is one of the most sacred Christian sites in the world,” the U.S.-based World Monuments Fund stated in 2008, when it placed the deteriorating church on its annual watch list of globally endangered heritage sites.
“The roof timbers of the church are rotting, and have not been replaced since the 19th century. Rainwater seeps into the building and damages not only its structural elements but also its 12th-century wall mosaics and paintings. Due to this influx of water, there is also an ever-present chance of an electrical short-circuit and fire.”
Last year, after Roman Catholic, Armenian and Greek Orthodox officials who jointly manage the site agreed under pressure from the Palestinian Authority to repair the building, Busuioc and Italian experts completed a high-resolution, diagnostic laser scan of the church’s walls, floors and roof in January.
“Since then, the collected data has been shared with other experts and exhaustively analyzed to create a work plan for rehabilitating the famed pilgrimage site — the most important tourist attraction in the Palestinian territories,” reported Boswell.
“What was critical in this phase was the roof,” Busuioc told the Canadian agency Postmedia News. “It looks fragile, but it still supported us, as we had to go directly on the roof to collect data. But this is very critical, and it’s the first action. Replacing the roof should start next year.”
The building has an inspiring, “penetrating spirit,” he said.
“He particularly recalls round-the-clock shifts with his colleagues,” writes Boswell, “and sometimes having ‘the fortunate privilege to start the day at sunrise’ — to schedule as much of the scanning as possible around the needs of the clergy and pilgrims.”
He called pending two weeks, day and night, at the site “a great honor.”
Renovations will cost $10 to $15 million and will be funded by the Palestinian government and international donors, according to Palestinian Tourism Minister Khouloud Daibes.
The Church of the Nativity is the Palestinian Authority’s top tourist attraction, drawing around 2 million visitors a year.