Bringing Emotional First Aid and Hope to Haiti

Dr. Judy Kuriansky, an expert in post-disaster comfort care, shares insights of hope from her “emotional first aid” mission in Haiti.

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On the previous trip, we were enthusiastic and optimistic about building a brighter future for Haiti. The quake set all these efforts back dramatically and tragically, but made us instantly determined to go on a mission there, despite the dangers, to bring some healing and hope into the desperate situation. Once there, Father Wismick conducted many powerful prayer services, and we trained a group of young Haitians in a comfort program I designed to help others in dire need.

The scene upon arriving at Port-au-Prince was surreal, more terrible than what we had seen on TV. Imagine downtown New York, Paris, Shanghai, or Hanoi in ruins; that’s how the center of town looked. The earth may have shaken from beneath, but buildings collapsed as if bombed from above. Cars, schools, businesses, and people were trapped underneath the rubble, encased in a silent tomb. Instead of houses, people were living side by side on blankets, brushing their teeth, washing their clothes, staring into nothingness, and sleeping on those blankets which staked their territory as a home.

I have worked at countless disaster sites in my life—9/11 in New York, the tsunami in Sri Lanka, Hurricane Katrina, an earthquake in Australia, bombings in Israel, and many others. But the devastation of the Haitian society was pervasive, with all aspects of society--education, government, religious, and other institutions of daily life, from day care centers to shops--destroyed. Whatever amount of time it would have taken for this impoverished country to get on its feet before, it would now require generations.

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At first glance, people appeared to be coping, going about life, washing, praying, even selling goods in frenzied markets, but blank stares revealed the stage of shock that always comes in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. Research shows that even in resilient cultures, people suffer emotionally from the losses, especially when those losses are so pervasive. And even if most people in a culture are skeptical of talking about feelings, there are those who find it helpful. For example, as soon as one family heard that a priest and a psychologist were in the churchyard, the dad of a teen who had pulled herself out of the rubble, asked for a “session.” Many of the parishioners who were not familiar with exploring deeper emotions welcomed the opportunity to explore the meaning of this terrible event. One such person was the psychologist in our church campground, Bob, who referred poignantly to his reliance on Viktor Frankl’s "logotherapy"--a search for meaning in the midst of total disaster--which was the only way Frankl survived the holocaust.

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Judy Kuriansky, Ph.D
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