Chart: Nation of Islam and Traditional Islam

How do the beliefs of the two groups differ? Check our chart.
  Traditional Islam Nation of Islam
Origins Traditional Islam teaches that there is only one God (Allah). God works through prophets rather than assuming a physical form. The Nation of Islam asserts that its founder, Fard Muhammad, was the incarnation of Allah (God). Beginning in 1930, Fard worked in Detroit to establish his movement before disappearing mysteriously in 1934.
Prophets God revealed His existence to a number of prophets, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Muhammad received God's final revelation. NOI founder Fard renamed migrant worker Elijah Poole "Elijah Muhammad." NOI taught that Elijah Muhammad was a prophet or messenger of God.
Racial Issues The Qur'an says Allah created the human race "from a single male and female, and made you into nations and tribes, so ye may know each other, not that ye may despise each other." The Nation of Islam elevates blacks (and often other non-Caucasians) above whites. A NOI tenet holds that whites were created by a renegade black scientist named Yacub.


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