On Writing for Permanence
A writer meditates on the role of the sofer--scribe--whose job ensures the continuity of vital Jewish texts
BY: Holly J. Lebowitz
My childhood memories of Jewish worship are sensory. The Reform temple my family attended was lavish and huge, so the expanse of people--my family generally attended services only on the High Holy Days --combined with the soft cushioned seats and impressive ark made a lasting visual impression on me.
The high point of services every year came when we rose and someone opened the ark where the Torah was kept. The temple was fortunate to have at least six Torahs, each one robed in resplendent garments. Awaiting the opening of the ark, I would run my hand along my velvety chair and imagine that it had been cut from the same cloth that protected those scrolls. Even though most members of the congregation could not read Hebrew and were not observant Jews, there was always a palpable sense of awe when the ark was opened and a Torah was removed, paraded around the sanctuary, and kissed. I remember, as a young child, being fascinated with this beautiful object. What was it that it drew people to touch their lips to it, through asiddur
(prayerbook) or atallis
Today, with the predominance of electronic media and word processors, we take for granted the power of the written word and the page upon which it is written. I had always assumed, in my childhood, that the Torah scrolls were prepared by some machine--they had to be, their lettering was so perfect. Human hands could never perfectly record the laws and words of God, I thought. But the Torah had been in human hands ever since Sinai, well before Xerox or IBM existed. So I wondered how the gifts of Jewish law were recorded, passed down, and perpetuated for so many generations.
When I, suddenly an adult, chose writing as my profession, my old attraction to the Torah scroll returned, as I pondered whether my own writing would ever merit anything approaching the permanence of the holy scroll.
I wondered howsoferim
--Hebrew for "scribes"--go about their task of communicating the holy law to generations yet unborn. If the Torah is the holiest object in Jewish life, then the scribe who writes it must be as invaluable. It was to a scribe that Rabbi Ishmael said, "My son, be careful in thy work, as it is a heavenly work, lest thou err in omitting or adding one iota, and so cause the destruction of the whole world." The Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidic Judaism, often traversed many miles with one companion--his scribe. Jewish life is sustained because of the written word, beginning with God's recording of the commandments at Sinai and continuing to the present day.
Like so many Jewish professions, though, the scribe's daily task consists mostly of physical and technical labor, infused of course with spirituality, but with the primary concern of following, literally, the letter of the law. Hunched over his small table, eyes strained and lips moving meticulously over the words being written, the sofer is as connected with Ezra, the first sofer identified as such, as he is with the melee that may be swirling around him in his home, where he most often works.
Ironically, the sofer is one of the lowest paid of the Jewish professions, although many soferim today support families on the living they make. Centuries ago, the work of the sofer was commissioned from patrons who wanted their own Torah or a mezuzah, tefillin, or Purim megillah. Soferim were pillars of their communities, interpreting the law even as they recorded it--the word for scribe was often understood to also mean "wise man" because so few people could accomplish this daunting task. But there is very little financial compensation for the sofer's labors, despite the fact that the work is quite costly. Parchment, ink, and quills must be fashioned, at the sofer's expense, and then the sofer must devote many hours to each project.