Various Faiths on Human Sexuality

Baptists, Lutherans, Catholics, and Jews

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FROM: Report of Committee on Baptist Faith and Message--June 9, 1998

In marriage, two people physically become one flesh (Gen. 2:24); two families are socially grafted together; and the husband and wife portray spiritually the relationship between Christ and the Church (Eph. 5:23-27). The union is designed to offer a channel for the mutual satisfaction of sexual desires, and to present the best setting for conceiving and nurturing the next generation.... The husband's loving, humble headship has often been replaced with domination or passivity. The wife's voluntary and willing submission has often been exchanged for usurpation or servility. Redemption in Christ would call for husbands to forsake harsh or selfish leadership and to extend loving care to their wives (1 Pet. 3:7) and for wives to forsake resistance to the authority of their respective husbands and to practice willing, joyful submission to that leadership (1 Pet. 3:1-2).

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FROM: Sexuality: Some Common Convictions (as adopted by the Church Council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, November 9, 1996)

Human sexuality was created good for the purposes of expressing love and generating life, for mutual companionship and pleasure. Yet it has been marred by sin, which alienates us from God and others. This results in expressions of sexuality that harm persons and communities.

As sexual beings, we are called to a life of responsible freedom in God's new creation, while still struggling with how our sexuality is captive to sin. For Christians, the human body is a "temple of the Holy Spirit" (1 Cor. 6:19-20). Living in the power of the Spirit, we are called to avoid behaviors that harm or devalue ourselves and others, such as immoral sexual behavior (1 Cor. 5:9-11; Gal. 5:19-21).

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FROM: The Catechism of the Catholic Church

2360 Sexuality is ordered to the conjugal love of man and woman. In marriage the physical intimacy of the spouses becomes a sign and pledge of spiritual communion. Marriage bonds between baptized persons are sanctified by the sacrament.

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