The concept of God in Hinduism can be complex and somewhat depends upon individual beliefs, which can run the gamut from monotheism to pantheism to atheism, and everything in between. It is often called a henotheistic—devotion to a single god while accepting the existence of others—religion, although this is an oversimplification.

The creation hymn of the Rig Veda is one of the earliest Hindu theological texts which speculates on the existence of gods or a supreme God. The devas—gods—of Hindu lore are an important part of Hindu culture, and are depicted in art, through icons, and scriptural stories. This multitude of devas are considered manifestations of Brahman.

Hinduism can, to the outsider, seem a patchwork quilt of different beliefs, practices, and traditions, but understanding the four Purusharthas, as well as the Hindu concept of ātman and Brahman goes a long way toward understanding the central tenants of this fascinating religion.